The cooperation between Russia and Turkey is deeply informed and is hinged on friendly-neighborliness and mutual respect. This is stated in the statement by Spokesperson of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Maria Zakharova in regard to the centennial of the signing of the Treaty of Friendship and Brotherhood between the Government of the Soviet Federative Socialist Republic of Russia and the Grand National Assembly of Turkey.
“The cooperation is focused on effective joint efforts for the welfare and prosperity of the peoples of Russia and Turkey and for peace, security and stability in the region and in Europe in general,” Zakharova stated.
The Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs also affirmed its willingness to build ties with Turkey in all sectors, expand trade and economic relations and cooperation in terms of investments, implement prospective projects in the energy, industry and infrastructure sectors and improve cultural and humanitarian exchanges and human relations.
The Treaty of Moscow was signed in March 1921. In accordance with the agreement, all previous Russian-Turkish agreements were annulled. The Treaty laid down a new northeastern border for Turkey. According to the Treaty, “the Kars province and the southern part of the former Batumi province (they had been a part of the Russian Empire since 1878), as well as the Surmalu colony of Erivan state (it was part of the Russian Empire since 1828) were transferred to Turkey along with Mount Ararat”. In October 1921, with the help of Soviet Russia, Turkey and the Soviet republics of Transcaucasia (Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia) signed the Treaty of Kars. On July 23, 1923, the USSR and Turkey established diplomatic relations.